» - .



18+








, , , . , . 70% , , . 470 , 170, . , , .

470 , 50 , . , , . , . 200 , .

1, , .

InfinitivePast SimplePast Participle
abide[əbʌid]abode[əbəud]abode[əbəud],
arise[əraiz]arose[ərəuz]arisen[əriz(ə)n],
awake[əweik]awoke[əwəuk]awoken[əwəukən],
be[bi:]was[wɔz],were[w:]been[bi:n]
bear[bɛə]bore[bɔ:]borne[bɔ:n],
beat[bi:t]beat[bi:t]beaten[bi:tn]
become[bi:kʌm]became[bi:keim]become[bi:kʌm]
befall [biˈfôl]befell [biˈfel]befallen [biˈfôlen]
begin[bigin]began[bigæn]begun[bigʌn]
behold[bˈhəʊld]beheld[bɪˈhɛld]beheld[bɪˈhɛld], !
bend[bɛnd]bent[bɛnt]bent[bɛnt]
bereave[bɪˈriːv]bereaved[bɪˈrɛft]bereft[bɪˈrɛft],
beseech[bɪˈsiːtʃ]besought[bɪˈsɔːt]besought[bɪˈsɔːt],
beset[bɪˈsɛt]beset[bɪˈsɛt]beset[bɪˈsɛt]
bet[bet]bet[bet]bet[bet]
bid[bɪd]bid[bɪd]/bade[beɪd]bidden[bɪdn] ( )
bind[baɪnd]bound[baʊnd]bound[baʊnd]
bite[bʌɪt]bit[bɪt]bitten[bɪtn],
bleed[bli:d]bled[bled]bled[bled]
blow[blou]blew[blu:]blown[bloun]
break[breik]broke[brouk]broken[brouk(e)n]
breed[bri:d]bred[brɛd]bred[brɛd],
bring[briŋ]brought[brɔ:t]brought[brɔ:t]
browbeat[braubi:t]browbeat[braubi:t]browbeaten[braubi:tn],
build[bild]built[bilt]built[bilt]
burn[b:n]burnt[b:nt]burnt[b:nt]
burst[b:st]burst[b:st]burst[b:st],
bust[bʌst]busted[bʌstɪd/bust[bʌst]busted[bʌstɪd/bust[bʌst],
buy[bai]bought[bɔ:t]bought[bɔ:t]
cast[kɑ:st]cast[kɑ:st]cast[kɑ:st],
catch[kætʃ]caught[kɔ:t]caught[kɔ:t], ,
choose[tʃu:z]chose[ʃəuz]chosen[tʃəuz(ə)n]
cleave[kli:v]cleft[klɛft]cleft[klɛft]
cling[klɪŋ]clung[klʌŋ]clung[klʌŋ],
clothe[kloʊð]clothed[kloʊðd] /clad[klæd]clothed[kloʊðd] /clad[klæd]
come[kʌm]came[keim]come[kʌm]
cost[kɔst]cost[kɔst]cost[kɔst]
creep[kri:p]crept[krept]crept[krept]
cut[kʌt]cut[kʌt]cut[kʌt]
deal[di:l]dealt[dɛlt]dealt[dɛlt]
dig[dɪg]dug[dʌg]dug[dʌg]
disprove[dɪsˈpruːv]disproved[dɪsˈpruːvd]disproved[dɪsˈpruːvd] /disproven[dɪsˈpru:vən]
dive[daɪv]dove[doʊv /dived[daɪvd]dived[daɪvd],
do[du:]did[did]done[dʌn]
draw[drɔ:]drew[dru:]drawn[drɔ:n],
dream[dri:m]dreamt[dremt]dreamt[dremt],
drink[driŋk]drank[dræŋk]drunk[drʌŋk]
drive[draiv]drove[drouv]driven[drivn]
dwell[dwel]dwelt[dwɛlt]dwelt[dwɛlt],
eat[i:t]ate[eit]eaten[i:tn]
fall[fɔ:l]fell[fel]fallen[fɔ:lən]
feed[fi:d]fed[fed]fed[fed]
feel[fi:l]felt[felt]felt[felt]
fight[fait]fought[fɔ:t]fought[fɔ:t]
find[faind]found[faund]found[faund]
fit[fit]fit[fit]fit[fit]
flee[fli:]fled[flɛd]fled[flɛd]
fling[flɪŋ]flung[flʌŋ]flung[flʌŋ],
fly[flai]flew[flu:]flown[floun]
forbid[fəˈbɪd]forbade[fəˈbeɪd]forbidden[fəbɪdn]
forgo,forego[fɔːˈɡəʊ]forewent[fɔːˈwɛnt]foregone[fɔːˈɡɒn],
forecast[fɔ:ka:st]forecast[fɔ:ka:st]forecast[fɔ:ka:st]
foresee[fɔːˈsiː]foresaw[fɔːˈsɔː]foreseen[fɔːˈsiːn]
foretell[fɔːˈtɛl]foretold[fɔːˈtəʊld]foretold[fɔːˈtəʊld]
forget[fəget]forgot[fəgɔt]forgotten[fəgɔt(ə)n]
forgive[fogiv]forgave[fogeiv]forgiven[fogivn]
forsake[fəˈseɪk]forsook[fəˈsʊk]forsaken[fəˈseɪkn],
freeze[fri:z]froze[frouz]frozen[frouzn]
get[get]got[gɔt]got[gɔt]
gild[gɪld]gilt[gɪlt]gilt[gɪlt]
give[giv]gave[geiv]given[givn]
go[gou]went[went]gone[gɔn]
grind[graɪnd]ground[graʊnd]ground[graʊnd],
grow[grou]grew[gru:]grown[groun]
hang[hæŋ]hung[hʌŋ]hung[hʌŋ]
have[hæv]had[hæd]had[hæd]
hear[hiə]heard[h:d]heard[h:d]
hide[haid]hid[hid]hidden[hidn]
heave[hi:v]heaved[həʊv]/hove[hi:vd]heaved[həʊv] /hove[hi:vd],
hew[hju:]hewed[hju:d]hewn[hju:n],
hit[hit]hit[hit]hit[hit]
hide[haɪd]hid[hɪd]hidden[hɪdn],
hold[hould]held[held]held[held]
hurt[h:t]hurt[h:t]hurt[h:t],
input[ˈɪnpʊt]input[ˈɪnpʊt]input[ˈɪnpʊt],
interweave[ɪntəˈwiːv]interwove[ɪntəˈwəʊv]interwoven[ɪntəˈwəʊv(ə)n],
keep[ki:p]kept[kept]kept[kept]
kneel[ni:l]knelt[nelt]knelt[nelt]
knit[nɪt]knit[nɪt]knit[nɪt],
know[nou]knew[nju:]known[noun]
lay[lei]laid[leid]laid[leid]
lead[li:d]led[led]led[led]
lean[li:n]leant[lent]leant[lent]
leap[li:p]leapt[lɛpt]leapt[lɛpt],
learn[l:n]learnt[l:nt]learnt[l:nt]
leave[li:v]left[left]left[left]
lend[lend]lent[lent]lent[lent]
let[let]let[let]let[let]
lie[lai]lay[lei]lain[lein]
light[lait]lit[lit]lit[lit]
lose[lu:z]lost[lɔst]lost[lɔst]
make[meik]made[meid]made[meid]
mean[mi:n]meant[ment]meant[ment]
meet[mi:t]met[met]met[met]
mistake[misteik]mistook[mistuk]mistaken[misteik(e)n]
mow[moʊ]mowed[moʊd]mown[moʊn],
overcome[əʊvəˈkʌm]overcame[əʊvəˈkeɪm]overcome[əʊvəˈkʌm],
pay[pei]paid[peid]paid[peid]
plead[pli:d]pleaded[pli:dɪd]/pled[plɛd]pleaded[pli:dɪd]/led[plɛd],
prove[pru:v]proved[pru:vd]proven[pru:vn]
put[put]put[put]put[put]
quit[kwit]quit[kwit]quit[kwit]
read[ri:d]read[red]read[red]
relay[rɪˈleɪ]relayed[rɪˈleɪd]relayed[rɪˈleɪd],
rid[rɪd]rid[rɪd]rid[rɪd],
ride[raid]rode[roud]ridden[ridn]
ring[riŋ]rang[ræŋ]rung[rʌŋ]
rise[raiz]rose[rouz]risen[rizn]
run[rʌŋ]ran[ræŋ]run[rʌŋ]
saw[sɔ:]sawed[sɔ:d]sawn[sɔ:n]
say[sei]said[sed]said[sed]
see[si:]saw[sɔ:]seen[si:n]
seek[si:k]sought[sɔ:t]sought[sɔ:t]
sell[sel]sold[sould]sold[sould]
send[send]sent[sent]sent[sent]
set[set]set[set]set[set]
sew[sou]sewed[soud]sewn[soun]
shake[ʃeik]shook[ʃuk]shaken[ʃeik(ə)n]
shave[ʃeɪv]shaved[ʃeɪvd]shaved[ʃeɪvd] /shaven[ʃeɪvən],
shear[ʃɪə]sheared[ʃɪəd]sheared[ʃɪəd] / shorn[ʃɔ:n],
shed[ʃed]shed[ʃed]shed[ʃed],
shine[ʃaɪn]shone[ʃoʊn]shone[ʃoʊn],
shit[ʃit]shit[ʃit]shit[ʃit]
shoe[ʃu:]shod[ʃɒd]shod[ʃɒd]o,
shoot[ʃu:t]shot[ʃɒt]shot[ʃɒt],
show[ʃəu]showed[ʃəud]shown[ʃəun]
shrink[ʃriŋk]shrank[ʃræŋk]shrunk[ʃrʌŋk]
shut[ʃʌt]shut[ʃʌt]shut[ʃʌt]
sing[siŋ]sang[sæŋ]sung[sʌŋ]
sink[siŋk]sank[sæŋk]sunk[sʌŋk]
sit[sit]sat[sæt]sat[sæt]
slay[sleɪ]slew[slu:]slain[sleɪn]
sleep[sli:p]slept[slept]slept[slept]
slide[slaid]slid[slid]slid[slid]
sling[slɪŋ]slung[slʌŋ]slung[slʌŋ],
slink[slɪŋk]slunk[slʌŋk]slunk[slʌŋk]
slit[slɪt]slit[slɪt]slit[slɪt]
smell[smel]smelt[smɛlt]smelt[smɛlt],
smite[smʌɪt]smote[sməʊt]smitten[ˈsmɪtn],
sow[sou]sowed[soud]sown[soun]
speak[spi:k]spoke[spouk]spoken[spouk(e)n]
speed[spi:d]sped[spɛd]sped[spɛd],
spell[spel]spelt[spelt]spelt[spelt]
spend[spend]spent[spent]spent[spent]
spill[spil]spilt[spilt]spilt[spilt]
spin[spɪn]spun[spʌn]spun[spʌn],
spit[spɪt]spat[spæt]spat[spæt]
split[splɪt]split[splɪt]split[splɪt],
spoil[spɔil]spoilt[spɔilt]spoilt[spɔilt]
spread[spred]spread[spred]spread[spred]
spring[spriŋ]sprang[spræŋ]sprung[sprʌŋ],
stand[stænd]stood[stu:d]stood[stu:d]
steal[sti:l]stole[stoul]stolen[stəulən]
stick[stik]stuck[stʌk]stuck[stʌk]
sting[stiŋ]stung[stʌŋ]stung[stʌŋ]
stink[stɪŋk]stank[stræŋk]stunk[stʌŋk]
strew[struː]strewed[struːd]strewn[struːn]
stride[straɪd]strode[stroʊd]stridden[strɪdn]
strike[straɪk]struck[strʌk]stricken[strɪkən],
string[strɪŋ]strung[srtʌŋ]strung[srtʌŋ],
strive[straɪv]strove[stroʊv]striven[ˈstrɪvən],
swear[swɛə]swore[swɔ:]sworn[swɔ:n],
sweep[swi:p]swept[swept]swept[swept],
swell[swel]swelled[sweld]swollen[swoul(e)n]
swim[swim]swam[swem]swum[swʌm]
swing[swiŋ]swung[swʌŋ]swung[swʌŋ]
take[teik]took[tuk]taken[teik(ə)n],
teach[ti:tʃ]taught[tɔ:t]taught[tɔ:t]
tear[tɛə]tore[tɔ:]torn[tɔ:n]
tell[tel]told[tould]told[tould]
think[θiŋk]thought[θɔ:t]thought[θɔ:t]
throw[θrəu]threw[θru:]thrown[θrəun]
thrust[θrʌst]thrust[θrʌst]thrust[θrʌst],
tread[tred]trod[trɒd]trodden[trɒdn],
undergo[ʌndəˈɡəʊ]underwent[ʌndəwɛnt]undergone[ʌndəɡɒn],
understand[ʌndəstænd]understood[ʌndəstud]understood[ʌndəstud]
undertake[ʌndəˈteɪk]undertook[ʌndəˈtʊk]undertaken[ʌndəˈteɪk(ə)n],
undo[ʌndu:]undid[ʌndɪd]undone[ʌndʌn],
upset[ʌpset]upset[ʌpset]upset[ʌpset],
wake[weik]woke[wouk]woken[wouk(e)n]
wear[wɛə]wore[wɔ:]worn[wɔ:n]
weave[wi:v]wove[woʊv]woven[ˈwəʊvn],
wed[wed]wed[wɛd] /wedded[wɛdɪd]wed[wɛd] /wedded[wɛdɪd]
weep[wi:p]wept[wept]wept[wept]
wet[wet]wet[wet]wet[wet]
win[win]won[wʌn]won[wʌn]
wind[waind]wound[waund]wound[waund]
withdraw[wɪðˈdrɔː]withdrew[wɪðdruː]withdrawn[wɪðdrɔːn],
withhold[wɪðˈhəʊld]withheld[wɪðˈhɛld]withheld[wɪðˈhɛld],
withstand[wɪðˈstand]withstood[wɪðˈstʊd]withstood[wɪðˈstʊd],
wring[rɪŋ]wrung[rʌŋ]wrung[rʌŋ],
write[rait]wrote[rout]written[ritn]

, , . , , . , , , .

, - . , , . ( 2).

, Past Simple Past Participle
InfinitivePast SimplePast Participle
do[du:]did[did]done[dʌn]
go[gou]went[went]gone[gɔn]
have[hæv]had[hæd]had[hæd]
be[bi:]was[wɔz],were[w:]been[bi:n]
make[meik]made[meid]made[meid]

,

, 3 (). , , , ( 3).

, Past Simple Past Participle
InfinitivePast SimplePast Participle
shut[ʃʌt]shut[ʃʌt]shut[ʃʌt]
set[set]set[set]set[set]
put[put]put[put]put[put]
quit[kwit]quit[kwit]quit[kwit]
cast[kɑ:st]cast[kɑ:st]cast[kɑ:st],

, , , , Past Simple Past Participle . , ( 4).

2 3
InfinitivePast SimplePast Participle
make[meik]made[meid]made[meid]
teach[ti:tʃ]taught[tɔ:t]taught[tɔ:t]
sit[sit]sat[sæt]sat[sæt]
keep[ki:p]kept[kept]kept[kept]
kneel[ni:l]knelt[nelt]knelt[nelt]

, 2 3 . 3 ( 5).

, 2 3 -
InfinitivePast SimplePast Participle
wake[weik]woke[wouk]woken[wouk(e)n]
wear[wɛə]wore[wɔ:]worn[wɔ:n]
weave[wi:v]wove[woʊv]woven[ˈwəʊvn],
break[breik]broke[brouk]broken[brouk(e)n]
forget[fəget]forgot[fəgɔt]forgotten[fəgɔt(ə)n]

2 3 , , Past Simple , Past Participle ( 6).

, 2 -
InfinitivePast SimplePast Participle
write[rait]wrote[rout]written[ritn]
ride[raid]rode[roud]ridden[ridn]
arise[əraiz]arose[ərəuz]arisen[əriz(ə)n],
drive[draiv]drove[drouv]driven[drivn]
rise[raiz]rose[rouz]risen[rizn]

ew , own

Past Simple ew, Past Participle own ( 7).

, 2 ew, 3- own
InfinitivePast SimplePast Participle
blow[blou]blew[blu:]blown[bloun]
throw[θrəu]threw[θru:]thrown[θrəun]
know[nou]knew[nju:]known[noun]
fly[flai]flew[flu:]flown[floun]
grow[grou]grew[gru:]grown[groun]

-, Past Simple Past Participle, . 4 :

  • [iː] [ɛ] ( 8);
  • ( 9);
  • [ʌɪ] [aʊ] ( 10);
  • [ɪ] [ʌ] ( 11).
, 2 3 [iː] [ɛ]
InfinitivePast SimplePast Participle
bleed[bli:d]bled[bled]bled[bled]
sleep[sli:p]slept[slept]slept[slept]
feel[fi:l]felt[felt]felt[felt]
meet[mi:t]met[met]met[met]
keep[ki:p]kept[kept]kept[kept]
, 2 3
InfinitivePast SimplePast Participle
deal[di:l]dealt[dɛlt]dealt[dɛlt]
read[ri:d]read[red]read[red]
dream[dri:m]dreamt[dremt]dreamt[dremt],
hear[hiə]heard[h:d]heard[h:d]
mean[mi:n]meant[ment]meant[ment]
, 2 3 [ʌɪ] [aʊ]
InfinitivePast SimplePast Participle
wind[waind]wound[waund]wound[waund]
bind[baɪnd]bound[baʊnd]bound[baʊnd]
find[faind]found[faund]found[faund]
grind[graɪnd]ground[graʊnd]ground[graʊnd],
, 2 3 [ɪ] [ʌ]
InfinitivePast SimplePast Participle
sting[stiŋ]stung[stʌŋ]stung[stʌŋ]
spin[spɪn]spun[spʌn]spun[spʌn],
stick[stik]stuck[stʌk]stuck[stʌk]
swing[swiŋ]swung[swʌŋ]swung[swʌŋ]
dig[dɪg]dug[dʌg]dug[dʌg]

-ell old

2 3 -ell old, 2 3 ( 12).

, 2 3 -ell old
InfinitivePast SimplePast Participle
sell[sel]sold[sould]sold[sould]
tell[tel]told[tould]told[tould]

-ought -aught

, 2 3 -ought aught ( 13).

, 2 3 -ought aught
InfinitivePast SimplePast Participle
teach[ti:tʃ]taught[tɔ:t]taught[tɔ:t]
bring[briŋ]brought[brɔ:t]brought[brɔ:t]
buy[bai]bought[bɔ:t]bought[bɔ:t]
seek[si:k]sought[sɔ:t]sought[sɔ:t]
catch[kætʃ]caught[kɔ:t]caught[kɔ:t], ,

3

, . , i-a-u ( 14).

, 3
InfinitivePast SimplePast Participle
begin[bigin]began[bigæn]begun[bigʌn]
drink[driŋk]drank[dræŋk]drunk[drʌŋk]
stink[stɪŋk]stank[stræŋk]stunk[stʌŋk]
sing[siŋ]sang[sæŋ]sung[sʌŋ]
sink[siŋk]sank[sæŋk]sunk[sʌŋk]

, , ( 15).

, 3
InfinitivePast SimplePast Participle
bend[bɛnd]bent[bɛnt]bent[bɛnt]
lend[lend]lent[lent]lent[lent]
send[send]sent[sent]sent[sent]

, , , , . , , , .

, -, , . , , .


? !






...